Courtesy of the artist – Piet Mondrian; Composition in Red, Blue, and Yellow 1937-42; oil on canvas; 23 3/4 x 21 7/8 in. (60.3 x 55.4 cm.); The Sidney and Harriet Janis Collection; and the art museum – MoMA
March 7 is the birthday of one of the greatest artists of the 20th century, also the Dutch painter and theoretician Pieter Cornelis Mondriaan (1872 -1944), the creation and life of this painter who loves frames.
Talking about Mondrian, we firstly should discuss his squares of different sizes drawn in three primary colours. In fact, when the Dutch painter first debuted, he was not a fan of abstraction, and even willing to create landscape paintings in a realistic style. As much as that we juxtapose his early and mature works, it’s hard to imagine that these different creations came from the same person.
In the early 20th century of Paris, the center of world art, where various styles and genres collided, creating an extremely beautiful and gorgeous art scene. During the 3 or 4 years in Paris, the Dutch came into contact with cubism and tried to connect music with painting, looking for a sense of rhythm in paintings. When World War I broke out in 1914, when he returned to his hometown, he was no longer a realistic painter who only described natural landscapes.
Afterwards, Mondrian stepped in and moved between Amsterdam, Paris, London, and New York to create the “style school” and constantly explore new artistic languages. Gradually, he can no longer see curves or colours other than the three primary colours in his paintings. The red, yellow and blue squares seem simple and repetitive, but they actually accommodate the artist’s ultimate pursuit of abstraction and rhythm.